英语阅读真题4

2022-01-12来源:海文考研

 

 

2022年全国硕士研究生招生考试 真题视频解析 在线观看 入口:
政治 英语一 英语二 数学一
数学二 数学三 199管理联考 396经济联考
法硕 教育学 历史学 中医综合
心理学 金融硕士(复旦) (更新中..)

 

 

1①DeepMind has almost apologized.②The NHS trust has mended its ways.③Further arrangements-and there may be many-between the NHS and DeepMind will be carefully scrutinised to ensure that all necessary permissions have been asked of patients and all unnecessary data has been cleaned.④There are lessons about informed patient consent to learn.⑤But privacy is not the only angle in this case and not even the most important.⑥Ms Denham chose to concentrate the blame on the NHS trust, since under existing law it "controlled"the data and DeepMind merely "processed"it.⑦But this distinction misses the point that it is processing and aggregation, not the mere possession of bits, that gives the data value.节选自2018考研英语一Text 3

 

【题目】

The author argues in Paragraph 2 that___.

[A] privacy protection must be secured at all costs.

[B] leaking patients' data is worse than selling it.

[C] making profits from patients' data is ilegal.

[D] the value of data comes from the processing of it.

 

【解析】第二段最后一句提到it is processing…that gives the data value选项[D]

中的“processing”是原文“processing”原词复现,“the value of data”对应原文中的

“data value”[A]选项来自文章第二段第三句,第三句提到“DeepMind”NHS未来的协议将会涉及保护病人的隐私,这并不是作者的观点,而是客观陈述的事实,属于概念上的偷换,且at all costs表述过于绝对。[B]选项泄露信息比出卖信息更糟糕,在原文中并没有涉及出售信息,属于无中生有[C]选项从病人数据中获利是非法的同样也没有涉及。

 

2①The use of privacy law to curb the tech giants in this instance feels slightly maladapted.②This practice does not address the real worry.③It is not enough to say that the algorithms DeepMind develops will benefit patients and save lives.④What matters is that they will belong to a private monopoly which developed them using public resources.⑤If software promises to save lives on the scale that drugs now can, big data may be expected to behave as a big pharm has done.⑥We are still at the beginning of this revolution and small choices now may turn out to have gigantic consequences later.⑦A long struggle will be needed to avoid a future of digital feudalism.③Ms Denham's report is a welcome start.节选自2018年考研英语一Text 3

 

题目

According to the last paragraph, the real worry arising from this deal is___.

[A] the vicious rivalry among big pharms.

[B] the ineffective enforcement of privacy law.

[C] the uncontrolled use of new software.

[D] the monopoly of big data by tech giants.

 

【解析】根据题干中的last paragraphthe real worry定位在文中最后一段的第四句话,其中what matters对应题干中的real worry,答案则出自that从句后的内容:这些算法将属于私人垄断,而他们的开发却利用了公共资源。因此,选项[D]为正确答案,the monopoly of big data by tech giants对应原文中的a private monopoly[A]选项是根据最后一段第五句的“big pharma”设置的干扰信息,但是这是将大数据比喻为大药房,且rivalry在文中也没有提到。[B]选项是利用最后一段第一句的信息进行干扰,maladapted表示没有适应新的情况,而非无效执行[C]选项中uncontrolled use属于无中生有的内容。

 

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