英语阅读真题3

2022-01-12来源:海文考研

 

 

2022年全国硕士研究生招生考试 真题视频解析 在线观看 入口:
政治 英语一 英语二 数学一
数学二 数学三 199管理联考 396经济联考
法硕 教育学 历史学 中医综合
心理学 金融硕士(复旦) (更新中..)

 

 

1①The first step, as Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee argue in The Second Machine Age, should be rethinking education and job training.②Curriculums-from grammar school to college-should evolve to focus less on memorizing facts and more on creativity and complex communication.③Vocational schools should do a better job of fostering problem-solving skills and helping students work alongside robots.④Online education can supplement the traditional kind.⑤It could make extra training and instruction affordable.⑥Professionals trying to acquire new skills will be able to do so without going into debt.节选自2018考研英语一Text1

 

【题目】

Education in the age of automation should put more emphasis on.

[A] creative potential.

[B]job-hunting skils.

[C]individual needs.

[D]cooperative spirit.

 

【解析】根据题干中的关键词可定位到第四段第二句“Curriculums-from grammar school to college-should evolve to focus less on memorizing facts and more on creativity and complex communication.”(所有课程语法学校课程到大学课程一都应向创造性及复杂沟通方向转变而不仅仅关注记忆能力。)选项[A]creative potential(创造潜能)为定位句中creativity的同义替换。其他选项在文中没有提及,属于无中生有,故排除。

 

2①Finally, because automation threatens to widen the gap between capital income and labor income, taxes and the safety net will have to be rethought.②Taxes on low-wage labor need to be cut, and wage subsidies such as the earned income tax credit should be expanded: This would boost incomes, encourage work, reward companies for job creation, and reduce inequality.节选自2018年考研英语一Text1

 

题目

The author suggests that tax policies be aimed at.

[A] encouraging the development of automation.

[B]increasing the return on capital investment.

[C]easing the hostility between rich and poor.

[D]preventing the income gap from widening.

 

【解析】根据题干中的关键词可定位到第六段第一句“Finallybecause automation threatens to widen the gap between capital income and labor incometaxes and the safety net will have to be rethought.”(最终,自动化可能会加剧资本收益和劳动收入之间的鸿沟,因此,我们必须重新思考税收和安全保障措施。)由该句可知,由于自动化加大了资本收入和劳动力收入的差距,所以应该重新考虑税收和安全保障措施,即税收政策应该避免收入差距扩大,故[D]为正确答案。[A]选项鼓励自动化的发展,第一句说明自动化带来了威胁,所以税收政策一定不是鼓励其发展,故排除;原文中提到资本收入,但是并没有提到资本投资,更未提到增加其回报,故[B]选项增加资本投资回报属于偷换概念,故排除;[C]选项减轻富人和穷人间的敌意在文中未提及,属于无中生有,故排除。

 

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