西南大学848语言文学基础考研真题(2014回忆版)

2021-06-20来源:海文考研

 

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西南大学848语言文学基础考研真题(2014回忆版)

西南大学848语言文学基础考研真题(2014回忆版)

语言学

一,名词解释

1acronym

2image schema

3Chomsky

4intertexuality

5register

6diglossia

7homonymy

8 multilingual

9adjacency pair

10 不记得了

二 比较

1 Theme vs. Rheme

2 meronym vs. Hyponymy

3 presupposition vs. Entailment

4 conceptual metaphor vs. Conceptual metonymy

5 summative test vs. Formative test

三 构词法

1URI

2chirf

3burgle

4 to bullet-(词尾不记得了)这个明显是个conversion就对了

5 MOOC

6 Razzle-dazzle

7 kang-bloody-roo

8

9

10

剩下的三个请记得的好心人补上吧

四 句子两个歧义都写出来

1. I know Mike better than you.

2. Susie doesn’t dance to please her mother .

3. The CEO appointed Mr. Brown assistant.

4.

5.

还有两个怎么都想不起来了

五 Using Leech’s CP and maxims to analyze the following utterances

(1) A: should we bring some to children?

B:Yes. I vote I-C-E-C-R-E-A-M.

(2) A: There is a dead fly in my soup.

B:what do you want for $1-----a live one?

六.Comment on the sentence of F. De Saussure . “Linguistics is the “patter-domain” because it is the most complex and arbitrary.” 这个不是原句。是我的大概印象。请记得同学改正。

七.分析下面肯尼迪的演讲,写出至少三种修辞手法

Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans--born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage--and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this Nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.

八.回答下列四个问题

1. Explain three steps of language production

2. 新书P212 7题

3. Exemplify why metaphor is so important for human to organize and understand the world.

4. 下面这个句子用了什么movement。画出它的树形图,标出trace and track

 

 

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